Introduction ::LibyaBackground:The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in 1911 and did not relinquish their hold until 1943 when defeated in World War II. Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in 1951. Following a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar al-QADHAFI assumed leadership and began to espouse his political system at home, which was a combination of socialism and Islam. During the 1970s, QADHAFI used oil revenues to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversive and terrorist activities that included the downing of two airliners - one over Scotland, another in Northern Africa - and a discotheque bombing in Berlin. UN sanctions in 1992 isolated QADHAFI politically and economically following the attacks; sanctions were lifted in 2003 following Libyan acceptance of responsibility for the bombings and agreement to claimant compensation. QADHAFI also agreed to end Libya's program to develop weapons of mass destruction, and he made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations. Unrest that began in several Middle Eastern and North African countries in late 2010 erupted in Libyan cities in early 2011. QADHAFI's brutal crackdown on protesters spawned a civil war that triggered UN authorization of air and naval intervention by the international community. After months of seesaw fighting between government and opposition forces, the QADHAFI regime was toppled in mid-2011 and replaced by a transitional government. Libya in 2012 formed a new parliament and elected a new prime minister.Geography ::LibyaLocation:Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt, Tunisia, and AlgeriaGeographic coordinates:25 00 N, 17 00 EArea:total: 1,759,540 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 17land: 1,759,540 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly larger than AlaskaLand boundaries:total: 4,348 kmborder countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 kmCoastline:1,770 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmnote: Gulf of Sidra closing line - 32 degrees, 30 minutes northexclusive fishing zone: 62 nmClimate:Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interiorTerrain:mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressionsElevation extremes:lowest point: Sabkhat Ghuzayyil -47 mhighest point: Bikku Bitti 2,267 mNatural resources:petroleum, natural gas, gypsumLand use:arable land: 0.99%permanent crops: 0.19%other: 98.82% (2011)Irrigated land:4,700 sq km (2003)Total renewable water resources:0.7 cu km (2011)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 4.33 cu km/yr (14%/3%/83%)per capita: 796.1 cu m/yr (2000)Natural hazards:hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall; dust storms, sandstormsEnvironment - current issues:desertification; limited natural freshwater resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, brings water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal citiesEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlandssigned, but not ratified: Law of the SeaGeography - note:more than 90% of the country is desert or semidesertPeople and Society ::LibyaNationality:noun: Libyan(s)adjective: LibyanEthnic groups:Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)Languages:Arabic (official), Italian, English (all widely understood in the major cities); Berber (Nafusi, Ghadamis, Suknah, Awjilah, Tamasheq)Religions:Sunni Muslim (official) 97%, other 3%Population:6,002,347 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 108note: includes 166,510 non-nationalsAge structure:0-14 years: 27.3% (male 837,984/female 800,423)15-24 years: 18.6% (male 578,780/female 535,828)25-54 years: 45.6% (male 1,432,265/female 1,302,187)55-64 years: 4.6% (male 143,862/female 134,414)65 years and over: 3.9% (male 120,043/female 116,561) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 52.1 %youth dependency ratio: 44.8 %elderly dependency ratio: 7.3 %potential support ratio: 13.7 (2013)Median age:total: 27.1 yearsmale: 27.2 yearsfemale: 26.9 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:4.85% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 1Birth rate:18.74 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 100Death rate:3.56 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 212Net migration rate:33.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 1Urbanization:urban population: 77.7% of total population (2011)rate of urbanization: 1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:TRIPOLI (capital) 1.095 million (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.1 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female65 years and over: 1.04 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Maternal mortality rate:58 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 103Infant mortality rate:total: 12.26 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 128male: 13.25 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 11.22 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 75.83 yearscountry comparison to the world: 88male: 74.17 yearsfemale: 77.57 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:2.09 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 112Contraceptive prevalence rate:45.2% (1995)Health expenditures:3.9% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 170Physicians density:1.9 physicians/1,000 population (2009)Hospital bed density:3.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 54% of populationrural: 55% of populationtotal: 54% of populationunimproved:urban: 46% of populationrural: 45% of populationtotal: 46% of population (2000 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 97% of populationrural: 96% of populationtotal: 97% of populationunimproved:urban: 3% of populationrural: 4% of populationtotal: 3% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:0.3% (2001 est.)country comparison to the world: 90HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:10,000 (2001 est.)country comparison to the world: 95HIV/AIDS - deaths:NAObesity - adult prevalence rate:27.8% (2008)country comparison to the world: 35Children under the age of 5 years underweight:5.6% (2007)country comparison to the world: 84Education expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 89.5%male: 95.8%female: 83.3% (2011 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 16 yearsmale: 16 yearsfemale: 16 years (2003)Government ::LibyaCountry name:conventional long form: noneconventional short form: Libyalocal long form: nonelocal short form: LibiyaGovernment type:operates under a transitional governmentCapital:name: Tripoli (Tarabulus)geographic coordinates: 32 53 N, 13 10 Etime difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Friday in March; ends last Friday in Octobernote: on 10 November 2012, Libya changed its standard time from UTC+2 to UTC+1Administrative divisions:22 districts (shabiyat, singular - shabiyat); Al Butnan, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jabal al Gharbi, Al Jafarah, Al Jufrah, Al Kufrah, Al Marj, Al Marqab, Al Wahat, An Nuqat al Khams, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi, Darnah, Ghat, Misratah, Murzuq, Nalut, Sabha, Surt, Tarabulus, Wadi al Hayat, Wadi ash ShatiIndependence:24 December 1951 (from UN trusteeship)National holiday:Liberation Day, 23 October (2011)Constitution:none; note - Libya has yet to draft a new constitutionLegal system:Libya's post-revolution legal system is in flux and driven by state and non-state entitiesInternational law organization participation:has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCtSuffrage:18 years of age, universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President, General National Congress Nuri Abu SAHMAYNhead of government: Prime Minister Ali ZAYDAN (since 14 October 2012); Deputy Prime Ministers Awad Ibrik Ibrahim al-BARASI, Al-Sadiq Abd al-Karim Abd al-Rahman KARIM, Abd-al-Salam Muhammad al-Mahdi al-QADIcabinet: new cabinet approved by the National Congress on 31 October 2012(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: prime minister and National Congress president elected by the National Congresselection results: NALegislative branch:unicameral General National Congress (200 seats; 120 individual seats elected from 69 constituencies and 80 party list seats elected from 20 constituencies; member term NA)elections: first General National Congress election held on 7 July 2012 (next to be held NA)election results: percent of vote for party list seats only - NFA 48.7%, JCP 21.3%, other parties 30%; list and constituent seats - NFA 39, JCP 17, other 24, independents 120Judicial branch:highest court(s): NA; note - government in transitionPolitical parties and leaders:Al-Watan (Homeland) PartyJustice and Construction Party or JCP [Muhammad SAWAN]National Front (initially the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, formed in 1981 as a diaspora opposition group)National Forces Alliance or NFA [Mahmoud JIBRIL] (includes many political organizations, NGOs, and independents)Union for the Homeland [Abd al-Rahman al-SUWAYHILI]note: list includes some of the larger political parties and leadersPolitical pressure groups and leaders:NAInternational organization participation:ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AMU, AU, BDEAC, CAEU, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)Diplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Suleiman ABULHIchancery: 2600 Virginia Avenue NW, Suite 705, Washington, DC 20037telephone:  (202) 944-9601FAX:  (202) 944-9606Diplomatic representation from the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Deborah K. JONESnote: on 11 September 2012, US Ambassador Christopher STEVENS and three other American diplomats were killed in an attack by heavily armed militants on a US diplomatic post in the eastern city of Benghaziembassy: Sidi Slim Area/Walie Al-Ahed Road, Tripolimailing address: US Embassy, 8850 Tripoli Place, Washington, DC 20521-8850telephone:  (0) 91-220-3239Flag description:three horizontal bands of red (top), black (double width), and green with a white crescent and star centered on the black stripe; the National Transitional Council reintroduced this flag design of the former Kingdom of Libya (1951-1969) on 27 February 2011; it replaced the former all-green banner promulgated by the QADHAFI regime in 1977; the colors represent the three major regions of the country: red stands for Fezzan, black symbolizes Cyrenaica, and green denotes Tripolitania; the crescent and star represent Islam, the main religion of the countryNational symbol(s):star and crescent; hawkNational anthem:name: ""Allahu Akbar"" (God Is Greatest)lyrics/music: Mahmoud el-SHERIF/Abdalla Shams el-DINnote: adopted 1969; the anthem was originally a battle song for the Egyptian Army in the 1956 Suez WarEconomy ::LibyaEconomy - overview:Libya's economy is structured primarily around the nation's energy sector, which generates about 95% of export earnings, 80% of GDP, and 99% of government income. Substantial revenue from the energy sector coupled with a small population give Libya one of the highest per capita GDPs in Africa, but Tripoli largely has not used its significant financial resources to develop national infrastructure or the economy, leaving many citizens poor. In the final five years of QADHAFI''s rule, Libya made some progress on economic reform as part of a broader campaign to reintegrate the country into the international fold. This effort picked up steam after UN sanctions were lifted in September 2003 and after Libya announced in December 2003 that it would abandon programs to build weapons of mass destruction. The process of lifting US unilateral sanctions began in the spring of 2004; all sanctions were removed by June 2006, helping Libya attract greater foreign direct investment, especially in the energy and banking sectors. Libyan oil and gas licensing rounds drew high international interest, but new rounds are unlikely to be successful until Libya establishes a more permanent government and is able to offer more attractive financial terms on contracts and increase security. Libya faces a long road ahead in liberalizing its primarily socialist economy, but the revolution has unleashed previously restrained entrepreneurial activity and increased the potential for the evolution of a more market-based economy. The service and construction sectors, which account for roughly 60% of GDP, expanded over the past five years and could become a larger share of GDP if Tripoli prioritizes capital spending on development projects once political and security uncertainty subside. Climatic conditions and poor soils severely limit agricultural output, and Libya imports about 80% of its food. Libya''s primary agricultural water source is the Great Manmade River Project.GDP (purchasing power parity):$78.63 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 83$38.45 billion (2011 est.)$101.4 billion (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$81.92 billion (2012 est.)GDP - real growth rate:104.5% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1-62.1% (2011 est.)5% (2010 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$12,300 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 104$6,100 (2011 est.)$15,900 (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGross national saving:40.8% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 108.2% of GDP (2011 est.)33.9% of GDP (2010 est.)GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 42.9%government consumption: 14.2%investment in fixed capital: 4.7%investment in inventories: 0.4%exports of goods and services: 60.7%imports of goods and services: -23%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 1.6%industry: 43.5%services: 54.9% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans; cattleIndustries:petroleum, petrochemicals, aluminum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cementIndustrial production growth rate:117% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1Labor force:1.875 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 125Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 17%industry: 23%services: 59% (2004 est.)Unemployment rate:30% (2004 est.)country comparison to the world: 180Population below poverty line:NA%note: about one-third of Libyans live at or below the national poverty lineHousehold income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: NA%highest 10%: NA%Budget:revenues: $57.58 billionexpenditures: $35.07 billion (2012 est.)Taxes and other revenues:70.3% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 3Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):27.5% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 2Public debt:3.5% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 15410.2% of GDP (2011 est.)Fiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):6.1% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 16515.9% (2011 est.)Central bank discount rate:9.52% (31 December 2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 1063% (31 December 2009 est.)Commercial bank prime lending rate:6% (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1416% (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$45.07 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 48$40.88 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$42.39 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 71$44.76 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$47.11 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 66$38.71 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$NACurrent account balance:$33.32 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 14$4.002 billion (2011 est.)Exports:$52.12 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 58$15.03 billion (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:crude oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas, chemicalsExports - partners:Italy 23.5%, Germany 12.5%, China 11.3%, France 9.7%, Spain 7.6%, UK 4.7%, US 4.5% (2012)Imports:$18.1 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 79$11.17 billion (2011 est.)Imports - commodities:machinery, semi-finished goods, food, transport equipment, consumer productsImports - partners:China 13.7%, Turkey 12.3%, Italy 8.7%, Tunisia 7.3%, South Korea 6.2%, Greece 5.4%, Germany 4.9% (2012)Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:$117.2 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 22$105 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Debt - external:$5.278 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 119$4.882 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:$16.72 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 76$16.43 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:$17.17 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 48$16.89 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Exchange rates:Libyan dinars (LYD) per US dollar -1.262 (2012 est.)1.2242 (2011 est.)1.2668 (2010 est.)1.2535 (2009)1.2112 (2008)Energy ::LibyaElectricity - production:28.6 billion kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 64Electricity - consumption:24.29 billion kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 67Electricity - exports:124 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 68Electricity - imports:73 million kWh (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 97Electricity - installed generating capacity:6.766 million kW (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 66Electricity - from fossil fuels:100% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 22Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 128Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 179Electricity - from other renewable sources:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 150Crude oil - production:502,400 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 30Crude oil - exports:1.039 million bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 14Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 87Crude oil - proved reserves:48.08 billion bbl (1 January 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 9Refined petroleum products - production:309,000 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 43Refined petroleum products - consumption:314,000 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 43Refined petroleum products - exports:84,490 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 44Refined petroleum products - imports:575.3 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 200Natural gas - production:16.81 billion cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 35Natural gas - consumption:6.844 billion cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 54Natural gas - exports:9.97 billion cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 21Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 90Natural gas - proved reserves:1.495 trillion cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 22Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:60.6 million Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 55Communications ::LibyaTelephones - main lines in use:1 million (2011)country comparison to the world: 78Telephones - mobile cellular:10 million (2011)country comparison to the world: 77Telephone system:general assessment: telecommunications system is state-owned and service is poor, but investment is being made to upgrade; state retains monopoly in fixed-line services; mobile-cellular telephone system became operational in 1996domestic: multiple providers for a mobile telephone system that is growing rapidly; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity has soaredinternational: country code - 218; satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat, NA Arabsat, and NA Intersputnik; submarine cable to France and Italy; microwave radio relay to Tunisia and Egypt; tropospheric scatter to Greece; participant in Medarabtel (2010)Broadcast media:state-funded and private TV stations; some provinces operate local TV stations; pan-Arab satellite TV stations are available; state-funded radio (2012)Internet country code:.lyInternet hosts:17,926 (2012)country comparison to the world: 121Internet users:353,900 (2009)country comparison to the world: 124Transportation ::LibyaAirports:146 (2013)country comparison to the world: 41Airports - with paved runways:total: 68over 3,047 m: 232,438 to 3,047 m: 71,524 to 2,437 m: 30914 to 1,523 m: 7under 914 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 78over 3,047 m: 22,438 to 3,047 m: 51,524 to 2,437 m: 14914 to 1,523 m: 37under 914 m:20 (2013)Heliports:2 (2013)Pipelines:condensate 882 km; gas 3,743 km; oil 7,005 km (2013)Roadways:total: 100,024 kmcountry comparison to the world: 43paved: 57,214 kmunpaved: 42,810 km (2003)Merchant marine:total: 23country comparison to the world: 91by type: cargo 2, chemical tanker 4, liquefied gas 3, petroleum tanker 13, roll on/roll off 1foreign-owned: 2 (Kuwait 1, Norway 1)registered in other countries: 6 (Hong Kong 1, Malta 5) (2010)Ports and terminals:Az Zawiyah, Marsa al Burayqah (Marsa el Brega), Ra's Lanuf, TripoliMilitary ::LibyaMilitary branches:note - in transition; government attempting to staff a new national army with anti-QADAFI militia fighters and former members of QADAFI's military (2008)Military service age and obligation:18 years of age for mandatory or voluntary service (2012)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 1,775,078females age 16-49: 1,714,194 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 1,511,144females age 16-49: 1,458,934 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 59,547female: 57,070 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:3.1% of GDP (2012)country comparison to the world: 39Transnational Issues ::LibyaDisputes - international:dormant disputes include Libyan claims of about 32,000 sq km still reflected on its maps of southeastern Algeria and the FLN's assertions of a claim to Chirac Pastures in southeastern Morocco; various Chadian rebels from the Aozou region reside in southern LibyaRefugees and internally displaced persons:IDPs: 74,000 (conflict between pro-Qadhafi and anti-Qadhafi forces; figure does not include displaced third-country nationals) (2012)Trafficking in persons:current situation: Libya is a destination and transit country for men and women from sub-Saharan Africa and Asia subjected to forced labor and forced prostitution; migrants who seek employment in Libya as laborers and domestic workers or transit Libya en route to Europe may be subject to forced labor; private employers also recruit migrants from detention centers as forced laborers on farms and construction sites; some sub-Saharan women are reportedly forced to work in Libyan brothelstier rating: Tier 3 - the Libyan Government does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; the government has failed to demonstrate significant efforts to investigate and prosecute trafficking offenders or to protect trafficking victims; policies and practices with respect to undocumented migrant workers has resulted in Libyan authorities detaining and punishing trafficking victims for unlawful acts that were committed as a result of being trafficked; no public anti-trafficking awareness campaigns are conducted; officials receive no training on trafficking issues (2013)"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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LIBYA — LIBYA, country in N. Africa, consisting of the regions of Tripolitania, Cyrenaica (see cyrene ), and Fezzan. Isolated finds of Jewish origin from pre Exilic Ereẓ Israel were discovered both in Cyrenaica and Tripolitania, but there is no reliable… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Libya TV — Allgemeine Informationen Empfang: Satellit, Internet Länder: weltweit Sendebeginn: 30. März 2011 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Libya — in der antiken Geographie zur Zeit Herodots Libya (lateinisch, griechisch Λιβύα oder Λιβύη Libye) ist eine Gestalt der griechischen Mythologie. Sie ist eine Tochter des Epaphos und der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Libya — prop. n. A country in Northern Africa, between Egypt and Tunisia, bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It also borders on Algeria, Chad, Niger, and Sudan. It is an Arabic speaking country with over 97% of the population Sunni Moslem. The population… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Libya — (a. Geogr.), 1) der den Alten bekannte Theil Afrika s, u. zwar bei Ptolemäos getheilt in: L. exterior, welches die Länder Mauritanien, Numidien, Provinz Africa, Syrtica, Cyrenaica, Marmarica, Ägypten u. Äthiopien begriff; u. L. interior, der … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Libya — LIBŶA, æ, Gr. Λιβύη, ης, (⇒ Tab. XVIII.) des Epaphus und der Memphis Tochter, mit welcher Neptun den Agenor und Belus zeugete. Von ihr hat der Welttheil, welcher jetzt Africa heißt, bey den Griechen den Namen Libya. Apollod. l. II. c. 1. §. 4.… … Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon
Libya — north African nation, an ancient name, attested in heiroglyphics from 2000 B.C.E., of unknown origin. In Greek use, sometimes meaning all of Africa. Related: Libyan … Etymology dictionary
Libya — [lib′ē ə, lib′yə] 1. ancient Greek & Roman name of N Africa, west of Egypt 2. country in N Africa, on the Mediterranean: under Turkish domination since 16th cent.; occupied by Italy (1911 43); placed under British and French military rule, it… … English World dictionary
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